Bill of Rights Practice Test

Use this practice test to help prepare for the unit exam.

Questions are a direct reflection of what is on the unit test. Click on the question to find the answer.

Go to Bill of Rights/Constitution unit 

  1. Which amendment gives individuals the right to bear arms? If you need help with this question, go to the unit section on this subject that will help answer this question.      

  2. Which amendment protects citizens from being forced to quarter soldiers in their homes during times of peace? If you need help with this question, go to the unit section on this subject that will help answer this question.

  3. Which amendment gives protection from self-incrimination?  If you need help with this question, go to the unit section on this subject that will help answer this question.       

  4. Which amendment guarantees a “fair and speedy trial”? If you need help with this question, go to the unit section on this subject that will help answer this question.

  5. Which amendment gave women the right to vote? If you need help with this question, go to the unit section on this subject that will help answer this question.
  6. Which amendment protects your right to privacy?    If you need help with this question, go to the unit section on this subject that will help answer this question.  
  7. Which amendment created the national income tax? If you need help with this question, go to the unit section on this subject that will help answer this question.      
  8. Which amendment prohibited the sale, distribution, and production of alcohol in the United States? If you need help with this question, go to the unit section on this subject that will help answer this question.           

  9. Which amendment protects criminals from cruel and unusual punishment?   If you need help with this question, go to the unit section on this subject that will help answer this question.          

  10. Which amendment requires law enforcement officers to read you your rights if you are arrested (Miranda rights)?  If you need help with this question, go to the unit section on this subject that will help answer this question.        

  11. Which amendment established eighteen years as the national voting age?  If you need help with this question, go to the unit section on this subject that will help answer this question.

  12. What are the different forms of freedom of speech? Describe them. If you need help with this question, go to the unit section on this subject that will help answer this question.

  13. What did the Supreme Court rule in Texas v. Johnson?  If you need help with this question, go to the unit section on this subject that will help answer this question.
  14. When is a search warrant not needed? If you need help with this question, go to the unit section on this subject that will help answer this question.
  15. What rights are protected by the Sixth Amendment? If you need help with this question, go to the unit section on this subject that will help answer this question.
  16. Which amendment protects against excessive bail? If you need help with this question, go to the unit section on this subject that will help answer this question.
  17. What does it mean to "plead the fifth"? If you need help with this question, go to the unit section on this subject that will help answer this question.
  18. Give examples of areas individuals are able to peacefully assemble according to the Constitution. If you need help with this question, go to the unit section on this subject that will help answer this question.
  19. Which amendment guarantees the separation of church and state? If you need help with this question, go to the unit section on this subject that will help answer this question.
  20. What rights are protected by the Thirteenth Amendment? If you need help with this question, go to the unit section on this subject that will help answer this question.
  21. What does the First Amendment say about saluting the flag in school? If you need help with this question, go to the unit section on this subject that will help answer this question.
  22. What rights are protected by the Fourteenth Amendment? If you need help with this question, go to the unit section on this subject that will help answer this question.
  23. Do school administrators have the legal authority to censor school publications such as student newspapers and yearbooks? If you need help with this question, go to the unit section on this subject that will help answer this question.
  24. What rights are protected by the Fifteenth Amendment? If you need help with this question, go to the unit section on this subject that will help answer this question.
  25. What is the due process clause or the due process of law? If you need help with this question, go to the unit section on this subject that will help answer this question.

1. Which amendment gives individuals the right to bear arms?

2nd amendment

 

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2. Which amendment protects citizens from being forced to quarter soldiers in their homes during times of peace?         

 

3rd amendment

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3.  Which amendment gives protection from self-incrimination?          

 

 5th amendment

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4.  Which amendment guarantees a “fair and speedy trial”?          

 

6th amendment

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5.  Which amendment gave women the right to vote?   

 

 19th Amendment

 

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6.  Which amendment protects your right to privacy?           

 

 9th amendment

 

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7.  Which amendment created the national income tax?            

 

 16th amendment

 

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8.  Which amendment prohibited the sale, distribution, and production of alcohol in the United States?         


18th amendment

 

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9.  Which amendment protects criminals from cruel and unusual punishment?            

 

 8th amendment

 

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10. Which amendment requires law enforcement officers to read you your rights if you are arrested (Miranda rights)?        

 

 6th amendment

 

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11. Which amendment established eighteen years as the national voting age?  

 

 26th amendment

 

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12. What are the different forms of freedom of speech? Describe them.

            1. Pure speech: Pure speech is face-to-face discussions, speeches at public meetings, classroom debates, and most things said on television and radio. 

            2. Speech Plus Action: This form of speech may take the form of marching, singing, picketing, or chanting slogans. The Supreme Court has ruled that picketing is a form of freedom of speech but can be limited 

            3. Symbolic Speech: Here, actions and objects replace words in conveying ideas and emotional appeals. Symbolic forms of protest might be wearing an armband or burning an American flag.

 

 

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13. What did the Supreme Court rule in Texas v. Johnson?

 

The Supreme Court ruled that flag burning is a constitutionally protected form of freedom of speech according the the First Amendment

 

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14. When is a search warrant not needed ?

 

A warrant to perform a search is not needed when police have good reason to believe that the suspect will escape, destroy evidence, or harm others.

Furthermore, searches performed by security personnel at airports and border crossings do not need a warrant.

Also, school administrators and teachers do not need a warrant or probable cause to search a student, whether it is their locker, their backpack, or their vehicle.

 

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15. What rights are protected by the Sixth Amendment ?

The Sixth Amendment guarantees the right to a "fair" trial: one that occurs quickly before an impartial jury, where the accused can be represented by a lawyer, face prosecution witnesses, and call witnesses of his or her own.

The Sixth Amendment guarantees a speedy trial. 

The Sixth Amendment guarantees a public trial.

The Sixth Amendment provides protection from the media during cases so that individuals don't get an unfair trial due to media publicity and public opinion that is generated from media coverage. 

The Sixth Amendment says that a jury must be impartial, that means without bias or prior influence about the case. 

The Sixth Amendment also gives the accused the right to know the charges against them, the right to confront witnesses called by the prosecution, and the right to call their own witnesses for their defense.

The Sixth Amendment guarantees that the accused are guaranteed the right to legal counsel in all cases regardless of the severity or the level they are tried at, such as state, federal, local, etc.

The Sixth Amendment also guarantees that you can have a lawyer present when the police question you.

The Sixth Amendment established the practice of the Miranda rule or the reading of your rights when you are accused of a crime.

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16. Which amendment protects against excessive bail?

 

Eighth Amendment

 

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17. What does it mean to "plead the fifth"?

 

To "plead the fifth" means to exercise your Fifth Amendment right to remain silent. That means you don't have to answer questions from law enforcement officers or in a courtroom. This Fifth Amendment right is designed to protect individuals from self-incrimination or making you look guilty of a crime.

 

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18. Give examples of areas individuals are able to peacefully assemble according to the Constitution.

 

People may assemble in public places. These are areas supported by tax dollars where people normally gather. Parks, streets, sidewalks, city halls, state capitol buildings, and national monuments

 

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19. Which amendment guarantees the separation of church and state?

 

First Amendment

 

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20. What rights are protected by the Thirteenth Amendment?

 

The Thirteenth Amendment forbids slavery in the United States and in any area under its control. It also forbids other forms of forced labor, except punishments for crime; but some forms of compulsory service are not prohibited - for example, service on juries or in the armed forces.

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21. What does the First Amendment say about saluting the flag in school?

 

The Supreme Court has ruled that the government can not require students to salute the flag because it amounts to a violation of the free exercise clause. Some religions believe that saluting the American flag amounts to idol worship, a violation of their beliefs.

 

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22. What rights are protected by the Fourteenth Amendment?

 

The Fourteenth Amendment outlines the acquisition of citizenship by birth or by naturalization, includes the due process clause, eliminates the Three-Fifths Compromise, limited the President's power to pardon those persons who had led the Confederacy during the Civil War, and dealt with matters directly related to the Civil War (reaffirmed debt of the United States, prohibited payment of any debt contracted by the Confederate States, and prohibited any compensation of former slave owners.)

 

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23. Do school administrators have the legal authority to censor school publications such as student newspapers and yearbooks?

 

Yes. School administrators, such as Mike Blair, have the legal authority to censor any school publications generated by students, including school newspapers and yearbooks. In Hazelwood School District v. Kuhlmeier (1988) the justices decided that First Amendment rights "must be applied in light of the special characteristics of the school environment."

 

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24. What rights are protected by the Fifteenth Amendment?

The immediate purpose of this amendment was to guarantee to newly freed slaves their right to vote. It has a much broader application today.

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25. What is the due process clause or the due process of law?

 

The due process clause or the due process of law are the basic rights that all individuals are guaranteed, specifically when accused of a crime.

The due process clause was considered so important that it was restated twice in amendments to the Constitution, in the Fifth and the Fourteenth Amendments.

The due process clause guarantees that the government shall not deprive any person of "life, liberty, or property, without due process of law."

There are two aspects of the due process clause:

1. The laws must be reasonable and fair. For example, a law cannot prevent people with blue eyes from driving.

2. Laws must be carried out evenly and fairly. For example, someone with blue eyes should not get a harsher sentence than someone with brown eyes.

 

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Revised: January 20, 2003 .