The US court system is seen as a fine
model for justice. Many countries have modeled their judiciary system
after the US system. We could talk about differences and similarities all
year, but here are a few specific things to note.
For example, Mexico has a system very
similar to ours and Japan modeled their system after ours. Britain has
some similarities but they don't have a court that can declare a law
unconstitutional like our Supreme Court can.
One thing that really stands out about
the US court system are the rights that are given to the accused. Reading
of Miranda rights is very unique to the United States and the rights that
are guaranteed under those Miranda rights are also very unique. In many
countries you may not have the right to a jury trial or to competent legal
assistance. The judicial process an individual faces can vary greatly from
arrest to trial and judgment.
The harshness of penalty a convicted
individual receives can vary greatly. In some countries the punishment for
crimes that we consider to be misdemeanor, such as shoplifting and
adultery, can be very severe. The majority of states in the US use the
death penalty as punishment but more than 112 countries around the world
have abandoned the use of the death penalty.